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    Market Updates

    Market Update 22/11/20

    Last week saw the equity markets performing a balancing act between incoming positive vaccine news and ever-growing economic restrictions aimed at curbing the recent spike in virus cases and hospitalisations. The rotation out of the technology sector and into more cyclicals stocks continued, as the vaccine developments improved investor sentiment and confidence about next year’s outlook.Rather unexpectedly, the US government on Thursday started to remove some of the emergency support measures previously provided to the Federal Reserve (Fed), reducing the Feds ability to act with immediacy should there be further stresses in financial markets.

    US equities over the week fell 0.1%, whilst US technology stocks recorded a gain of 0.6%. European stocks rose 1.0%, as the rotation into more economically sensitive companies continued, albeit at a reduced pace versus last week. UK equities gained 0.9%, with mid cap stocks increasing by 2.0%. The Japanese stock market rose by 1.4%, benefitting from the signing of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), a trade agreement ten years in the making covering fifteen countries in Asia including China, Japan, Australia and Malaysia. Third quarter Japanese GDP also surprised to the upside having increased by 5.0% versus expectations of 4.4%. The Australian stock market rose by 2.0%, whilst the Emerging Markets were up 1.0%.

    Despite the positive vaccine news, haven government bonds rallied over the week, responding to rising coronavirus cases and the news that the Fed had had some of its emergency lending measures removed. 10-year US Treasuries are currently yielding 0.84%, German Bunds -0.58% and UK Gilts 0.31%. However, gold sold off slightly, now trading at $1,865 an ounce, whilst the gold mining equity sector lost over 6%.

    Copper, considered a good gauge for global GDP growth, carried on its steady ascent, climbing a further 2.5%, having risen by over 50% since its low point in March. Crude oil also rallied over the week, with both Brent and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) rising by over 4%, trading at $44.5 a barrel and $42.0 respectively.

    With news that the Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine has an efficacy rate of 95%, which was followed by Modernas having both an efficacy rate of 94.5% and the ability to be store for 30 days at refrigeration temperature, there are strong hopes for these vaccines to be approved very soon, perhaps even this side of Christmas. Whilst this is good news, it is still unknown how quickly the roll-out programme will take, with the manufacture of these vaccines a likely bottleneck.

    Additionally, infectious disease experts tell us that to achieve herd immunity, at least 60% of the population needs to be immune. This would require 63% of the population to be vaccinated assuming an efficacy rate of 95%. Although these vaccines are likely to be authorised for use in a much shorter time period than normal, they still come with known side effects including fever and fatigue. Preliminary surveys suggest a similar proportion of the population will be open to the vaccines as to the flu jab i.e. closer to 51%.

    Important data being released this week include personal income and spending breakdowns, FOMC minutes, and building permits.

    Market Update 13/11/2020

    The S&P 500 closed at a new record high and global equities posted a second week of gains following news of progress in developing a COVID-19 vaccine. Stocks surged on Monday after Pfizer and BioNTech announced that their vaccine had 90% effectiveness in their large study, triggering a wave of hope and optimism that a medical solution will address the health crisis and accelerate the economic recovery.

    Cyclical sectors that have been negatively impacted by the pandemic and are more sensitive to the reopening of the economy outperformed last week, while sectors that have benefited from the pandemic underperformed. A similar rotation occurred across asset classes, with small-cap and international stocks outpacing U.S. large-caps. 

    US equities had risen 0.8% for the week, whilst US technology stocks, up until now the big beneficiaries of the pandemic, fell 1.6%. Whilst European indices, which are much more cyclical in their makeup, rose 5.1%, with European smaller companies rising a massive 7.1%. UK indices, which have a relatively high weighting to both the financial sector and energy, rose 6.9%, with mid-cap stocks rising 8.8%. Japanese equities rose 2.7%, whilst Australian stocks gained 3.5%. The wider Asia Pacific region, excluding Japan, rose a modest 0.7%, having already been one of the better-performing regions year to date.

    The news on the vaccine led Government bonds and gold to sell-off. US Treasury yields, which move inversely to price, rose as high as 0.98%, although they have since retreated and are trading at 0.88%. Both German bund and UK gilt yields also rose over the week, now trading at -0.55% and 0.34% respectively. Whilst gold fell by 3.8%, now trading at $1,878 an ounce. The gold mining sector, which is a geared play on the precious metal, fell by 9.3% over the week, making it one of the hardest-hit sectors.

    The headline moves in equity indices masked the huge dispersion in returns at stock level. Rolls-Royce, the manufacturer of jet engines for commercial aeroplanes, rose by 44% on Monday, its biggest ever one day gain. Whilst stocks that have benefitted from work at home lockdowns such as Zoom, the video conferencing technology company and Ocado, the online supermarket, suffered sharp share price falls, both losing close to 15% in value on Monday at their most extreme moment. Some of these moves unwound later in the week, but nonetheless, cyclical stocks remained very much ahead by the end of the week.

    Energy stocks were also a big winner over the week as crude oil jumped in price, with Brent crude rising 9.4%, now trading at $43.1 a barrel and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) $40.6. Similarly, the energy equity sector rose by over 12% for the week.

    Important economic data being released this week include retail sales and industrial production on Tuesday, building permits on Wednesday, and the leading index on Friday.

    Market Update – 6/11/2020

    U.S. equities logged their best weekly gain since early April as investors reacted to the increased possibility of a divided government, including a potential Biden win and continued Republican control in the Senate. However, the market began to price in the scenario of a split government that potentially reduces the likelihood of immediate tax hikes and increased regulations, while not removing the potential for an agreement on some form of fiscal-aid package.

    Shares in Europe rallied in sympathy with U.S. equities while also receiving a lift from the generally strong quarterly earnings reported by European corporations and the additional stimulus measures announced in the UK. In local currency terms, the pan-European STOXX Europe 600 Index ended the week 7.02% higher, while Germany’s DAX Index rallied 7.99%, France’s CAC 40 gained 7.98%, and Italy’s FTSE MIB climbed 9.69%. The UK’s FTSE 100 Index advanced 5.97%.

    Economic news largely took a back seat over the week, however, Purchasing Managers Indices, considered lead indicators as to the outlook for companies, were unambiguously positive. The US Manufacturing PMI came in at 53.4, slightly higher than forecast, with any number above 50 indicating expansion. Whilst the US Institute for Supply Management Manufacturing index came in at 59.3, smashing expectations, with the new orders subcomponent coming in at 67.9 versus forecasts of 62.

    Even in Europe, the Markit Manufacturing PMI came in at 54.8, ahead of forecasts, although the service sector PMI remained below 50, indicating contraction, at 46.9. In the UK, the manufacturing PMI came in at 53.7 and 51.4 for the service sector. This was mirrored in China, with the Caixin composite PMI for both manufacturing and service sector companies coming in at 55.7, higher than the previous month.

    On Thursday, faced with the beginning of a second lockdown, the Bank of England announced a massive additional £150 billion quantitative easing program. This was followed up shortly after by an announcement from the UK’s Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, that the government’s furlough scheme would be extended until March of next year.

    Despite the US election yet to have been decided, with the possibility that the result gets dragged through the courts, in the coming weeks there may be other news that begins to dominate investors thinking. The announcement of Covid19 vaccine trials should start to come through, with high hopes for a credible breakthrough, which will inevitably take centre stage for markets.

    Important economic data being released this upcoming week include the Unemployment Rate, the Fed’s upper bound key interest rate, and various PMI series.

    Weekly Market Update – 30/10/20

    Last week marked the 11th time this year that the S&P 500 has closed more than 2% lower than where it started the week, compared with a yearly average of around six times since 2010. The sell-off was largely driven by news that daily coronavirus cases have hit new record highs, and by less certainty that we will see another round of fiscal stimulus this year. Notably, the technology sector, which has been a leader for much of this bear-market rally, was down 6.5%, making it one of the leaders in the decline this week. Some good news was the strong third-quarter GDP growth, a labor market that is continuing to recover, and consumer spending that is continuing to exceed expectations.

    It has become increasingly clear that the restrictive social measures taken by European countries in recent months have failed to slow the virus, pointing towards an increased likelihood of a return to national lockdowns. Italy and Spain announced further restrictions at the beginning of the week, followed by France and then the UK on Saturday evening. Even Germany, which has managed to contain the virus relatively well within the context of Europe, announced tighter restrictions.

    In the US, record case numbers have largely been ignored by the Trump administration, and once more, Republicans and Democrats failed to agree a new financial support package for those who have lost their jobs due to the pandemic. China, the country at the centre of the outbreak, having largely controlled the virus, was able instead to focus on its fifth five-year economic plan, and it still on track to achieve a ‘V’ shaped recovery.

    European equities, very much at the epicentre of the latest escalation in Covid19 cases and with governments increasingly looking to implement economically costly lockdowns, fell 5.7% over the week. This was despite third quarter GDP surpassing expectations, increasing by a massive 12.7% for the Eurozone in aggregate, as economies reopened post the second quarter lockdown. UK equities fell 5.0%, with more domestically orientated mid cap stocks falling by 5.8%.

    US equities had fallen 4.5% over the week, whilst technology stocks once again proved to be relatively defensive, dropping 3.1% as Alphabet (Google’s parent company), Amazon, Apple and Facebook all revealed third quarter earnings this week that surpassed expectations. US GDP growth for the third quarter came in at 7.4%, higher than forecast, following the contraction of 9% in the second quarter. Initial jobless claims also came in lower than expectations, with 751,000 new applications versus forecasts of 775,000.

    Japanese stocks fell by 2.8%, whilst the Australian equity market dropped by 3.9%. Japan’s incidence of coronavirus cases lies somewhere in between the experience of Western developed nations and that of China, whilst the city of Melbourne in Australia this week emerged from one of the longest and strictest lockdowns in the world.

    Despite the selloff in equity markets, government bond markets offered little upside as yields (which move inversely to price) are trading at such low levels already. 10-year US Treasuries are currently trading at 0.82%, German Bunds minus 0.63% and UK Gilts 0.23%. Bond markets are waiting to see the outcome of the US election, with the possibility that the Democratic party could achieve a clean sweep of both the House of Representatives and the Senate, which would enable them to enact much more radical fiscal policy.

    Crude oil fell sharply this week, as traders priced in a fall in demand as social restrictions were tightened across Europe. Brent crude fell by 10%, now trading at $37.6 a barrel, and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) fell by 9.4%, currently priced at $36.0 a barrel.

    Important economic data being released this upcoming week include the Unemployment Rate, the Fed’s upper bound key interest rate, and various PMI series.

    Market Update 26/10/20

    Following three consecutive weekly advances, equities declined modestly last week. The news flow was dominated by headlines around the negotiations for another round of fiscal relief from Washington before the election, which is fast approaching. Whilst the imposition of new lockdown restrictions rattled equity markets at the start of the week, in the US and Europe losses were curtailed by better earnings data and economic news.

    Economic survey data out of Europe also boosted sentiment later in the week. In Germany, the composite purchasing managersindex rose to 54.5, above expectations of 53.2, driven by optimism from manufacturing. A reading above 50 indicates expansion in economic activity. In addition, despite further local lockdowns, UK retail sales rose 1.5% in September from the previous month, above expectations and up 4.7% on a year-on-year basis and exceeding the forecasted 3.7% rise.

    US markets finished down 0.87%, with no clear conclusion this week on negotiations between Democrats and Republicans over a $2 trillion coronavirus aid package. The main European market finished down 1.09%, whilst the UK market finished lower by 0.29%, hindered by a stronger Pound Sterling as UK large caps derive a large portion of their revenues from overseas.

    In Asia, the Japanese market finished higher by 0.47%, whilst the Hong Kong Index was the standout performer this week rising by 2.2%. Robust GDP (Gross domestic product) data out of China helped the region as the country reported Q3 GDP growth at 4.9%. Industrial growth powered the countrys recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. Industrial production in China leapt 6.9% in September, its highest level this year and the same rate as of December before the virus outbreak.

    US bond prices have come under pressure this week, as polling forecasting, a democratic win for the Presidential election has increased the expectations of even further fiscal stimulus. The prospect of more fiscal stimulus would improve the US economic outlook and raises the chances of higher inflation, which would send yields higher. Bond yields, which move inversely to their bond price, rose for both the 10-year and 30-year US treasuries, by 11 and 15 basis points respectively over the week. The 10-year US Treasury is now yielding at 0.85% whilst the 30-year treasury is yielding at 1.67%, a four-month high.

    The UK Pound sterling is on course for its biggest weekly gain since March, up 1.18% to $1.306 The currency was buoyed by positive statements from both sides of the Brexit negotiating table. On Wednesday EU chief negotiator Michel Barnier commented that a trade deal between the UK and the EU bloc was within reach” if both sides were prepared to compromise. A response from the UK government indicating preparation for intensive talks” aided the currencys rally.

    Brent crude prices finished the week slightly lower, by 0.68% to trade at $42.64 per barrel, on the back of concerns over weaker demand given the news of further economic shutdowns. Elsewhere, copper prices made the headlines as the industrial metal hit $7,000 a tonne for the first time since 2018. Stronger industrial demand from China and supply interruptions in Chile, the worlds largest copper producer, helped boost the price.

    Market Update 19/10/2020

    Equity markets in Europe lost ground this week as governments increasingly tightened social restrictions in a bid to contain a surge in coronavirus cases. China, which has effectively controlled the virus outbreak, with life increasingly returning to normal, had a very solid week for domestic ‘A’ shares.  The latest data on imports into China for September exceeded expectations, rising by the fastest rate this year, as the economic recovery has led to a rise in demand for overseas goods.

    US Equity markets however finished slightly higher as investors continue to hope for a fiscal stimulus package. On the vaccine front, some trials have been paused due to health concerns, and Pfizer has filed an emergency-use plan for the end of November. Polls were also showing a clear lead for Joe Biden over President Trump.  Although corporate tax increases are a threat under Joe Biden, it is thought that this is unlikely until 2022 or 2023 at the earliest, whilst fiscal stimulus is expected to increase significantly through infrastructure expenditure.

    Boris Johnson warned the UK to prepare for a ‘no deal’ Brexit following little progress in negotiations with the EU.  Sterling has not moved materially in response to the statement, whilst markets continue to be uncertain as to whether this is posturing or a genuine threat.  From an equity perspective, UK equities have traded at a discount to international market ever since the vote to leave back in 2016, with most of the pain expected to be felt in Sterling should a no-deal come to pass.

    US equities are up 0.2%, whilst US technology stocks rallied by 1.2%.  European equities are down by 1.1%, but rallying hard after the selloff on Thursday, on the back of positive results from companies and brighter forward guidance, despite the tighter restrictions being introduced across the continent.  UK equities lost 1.5% over the week, as Prime Minister Boris Johnson introduced a three-tier coronavirus alert system, as social restrictions increasingly spread across the country in response to a surge in the virus.  The Japanese stock market fell 1.8%, as big exporting stocks reacted to the increase in coronavirus cases across Europe and the US.  The Australian market rose 1.2% over the week after the Reserve Bank of Australia hinted at an interest rate cut.  Emerging markets fell 0.2%, however, within that, Chinese domestic ‘A’ shares rose 2.0% as the economic recovery continued.

    Developed market government bond yields, which move inversely to price, fell this week on the worsening outlook for virus cases.  The 10-year yield on US Treasuries fell to 0.73%, German Bunds fell to minus 0.63% and UK Gilts 0.16%. Similarly, crude oil, copper and iron ore prices all fell over the week on the same concerns.

    Australian markets rallied this week after the Reserve Bank of Australia hinted at a potential interest rate cut to provide further monetary easing support for the economy. However, gains were diminished on the last trading day, following worsening global sentiment over new virus cases in both Europe and the US. Most sectors finished in negative territory on Friday alone, with notable laggards including mining which finished in the red as iron ore prices declined on oversupply concerns. Rio Tinto dropped by almost 1% after its September update reported lower production and sales of iron ore.

    Market Update 09/10/20

    European equities climbed last week, despite disappointing data pointing to a slowdown in the economic recovery and escalating coronavirus cases putting ever greater pressure on politicians to veer towards lockdowns. Positivity in Europe was in part explained by companies providing improving guidance as to future earnings, with the drug company Novo Nordisk, jewellery producer Pandora and Zalando, the online clothing retailer all raising their full-year forecasts. Whilst British Land, the UK property firm, reinstated their dividend.

    US Equities made further headway this week, with the S&P 500 recording the best weekly gain since early July, while long-term government yields rose to a four-month high. The driver behind the equity-market strength was the anticipation that another stimulus package will eventually be passed despite the shaky negotiations so far. The White House increased its fiscal stimulus offer to $1.8 trillion from $1.6 trillion, which partly bridges the gap but is still short of the $2.2 trillion package the House has already approved

    US equities rose 2.9% over the week, whilst US technology stocks increased by 3.1%. European equities were up by 1.8%, with UK equities rising by 2.2%. More domestically focused companies in Europe and the UK both made stronger gains, with European smaller companies having increased by 3.0% and UK mid-caps 3.6%. Japanese stocks gained 2.4%, whilst Australian stocks rose a massive 5.4%. Global emerging markets rose by 3.3%, whilst Latin America stocks were up 4.6%, helped by a rally in the oil price.

    US Treasury yields rose over the week (yields move inversely to price), as markets began to price in a Democratic victory, with the 10-year yield touching 0.79%, before settling down at 0.77%. German bund yields, however, remained anchored at minus 0.54%, not helped by the slowing economic recovery in Europe. UK gilts increased to 0.3%, before heading down towards 0.27% as the economic data releases on Friday disappointed markets.

    Crude oil rose over the week, with Brent crude rising 9.6%, now trading at $43.0 per barrel and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) climbed 10.3%, trading at $40.9. The increase in price was triggered by the threat of a strike in Norway that could cut output from Europe’s biggest producer by up to 25%, and Hurricane Delta which led to a 95% cut in supply from the Gulf of Mexico. The copper price, considered by many as a barometer to the health of global growth, rose by 3.1%, now having reversed most of its recent losses.

    Disappointing data out of the Eurozone suggested that a ‘V’ shaped recovery has been harder to come by versus other parts of the world. French industrial production for August disappointed, having increased by 1.3% versus forecasts of 1.7%, following the release of the latest PMI (purchasing managers index) data on Monday suggesting continued contraction within the services sector. Similarly, industrial production in Germany for August came in at minus 0.2% versus forecasts of plus 1.5%. However, new factory orders beat expectations, increasing by 4.5% versus forecasts of 2.8%, potentially setting up German manufacturing for a strong fourth quarter. The UK also disappointed on Friday, with GDP growing by 2.1% for the month of August, versus projections of 4.6%.

    Whilst last week was the Australian equity market’s worst week since April, this week was the reverse, with the market posting strong gains. Australian markets were particularly supported by government measures to help boost the economy. Aftermarket hours on Tuesday, the government announced personal tax cuts worth AUD $17.8 billion and a further AUD $5.2 billion in new programmes to boost employment. The market reacted positively and consequently over the week all sectors posted positive gains. However, the most notable performers were energy stocks, which rose by approximately 9%.

    Market Update 02/10/20

    Stocks brushed off the uncertainties around the economic recovery and finished the week higher on hopes that Congress will reach a deal on another coronavirus-relief bill. Attention turned back to the virus and its effects after news that President Trump and First Lady Melania Trump have both tested positive for COVID-19 and that they will be going into quarantine. On the economic front, the U.S. economy added 661,000 jobs, marking a slowdown in the pace of job gains, but the unemployment rate came in better than expected at 7.9%. Investorsattention has also been focused on Europes attempts to manage a second wave of coronavirus infections, with efforts to contain the virus being managed at a local level so far, although the threat of national lockdowns has not been ruled out.

    US equities rose over the week by 2.5%, with technology stocks having climbed by 3.8%. European equities increased by 1.1%, whilst the UK market only managed a modest increase of 0.2%, held back by Sterling strength, as hopes were raised that a hard Brexit could still be avoided. More domestically focused UK mid cap stocks rose by 1.2% over the week. Japanese stocks lost 1.5%, not helped by a lost day of trading due to a technical problem at the Tokyo stock exchange on Thursday. Australian shares also fell by 2.9%, in contrast to Emerging Markets which rose by 2.4%.

    US Government bond yields rose a little (yields move inversely to price), with 10-year US Treasuries currently yielding 0.71%, and, similarly, UK gilt yields rose, currently yielding 0.25%, whilst German bunds fell further into negative territory, now yielding minus 0.54%. Gold rose by 2.5%, now trading at $1,900 an ounce. Crude oil fell sharply, with Brent crude losing 6.3%, trading at $40.17 a barrel, and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) fell 7.8%, currently trading at $38.05

    In Australia, equity markets fell by 2.9%, suffering their worst weekly performance since April, after news that US President Trump and the First Lady tested positive for the virus. Prior to this, the main Australian market was only trailing lower over the week by approximately 0.3%. In fact, the index improved slightly following reports that New Zealanders will be able to travel to New South Wales and the Northern Territory in Australia without needing to quarantine in a one-way travel bubble from October 16th. This particularly benefitted travel and airline companies. However, all sectors fell on Friday, with the biggest detractors in the Energy sector which was already under pressure following a fall in the oil price overnight. The sector traded down by 4.01% on Friday alone.

    The latest purchasing managers indices (PMI), which provide forward guidance as to the operating environment companies find themselves within, continued to point towards expansion, although some of the data was weaker than forecast. The Markit US Manufacturing PMI came in at 53.2, with any number above 50 indicating expansion, although this narrowly missed forecasts. Similarly, the US Institute for Supply Management manufacturing survey came in at 55.4, below forecasts of 56.5, with new orders coming in at 60.2, also below expectations of 65.2. The Eurozone manufacturing PMI came inline with expectations with a reading of 53.7, also pointing towards expansion, and it was a similar story for the UK, coming in at 54.1.

    Market Update 25/09/20

    Stocks fell last week, marking the longest weekly slide since 2019, as investors continue to digest news that U.S./China trade tensions are rising, a coronavirus vaccine won’t be widely available until April of 2021, jobs data came out worse than expected, and expectations are fading that a new fiscal stimulus package will be passed.

    Mega-cap stocks outperformed the S&P 500 last week, but Microsoft, Apple, Netflix, Amazon and Facebook are all still down for the month. Small-cap and cyclical stocks were hardest hit by the news that a vaccine is further away than initially thought. Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death has ushered in fears that stimulus talks between Republicans and Democrats could be overshadowed by a political battle for a Supreme Court nominee. A surge in coronavirus cases in Europe has also seen investors shun some European stocks on fears that economic restrictions could be reestablished.

    The US equity market has fallen by 2.2% over the week, whilst technology stocks have lost 1.1%. European markets fell by 4.5%, UK equities lost 3.8%, with the more domestically focused mid-cap stocks losing 5.4%. Japanese equities are down 0.7%, whilst Australian stocks were one of the few bright spots, rising 1.7%. Emerging markets in aggregate gave up 4.6%.

    Haven government bonds have provided a little protection, although with yields so low their benefits to investors as a haven are reducing. 10-year US Treasuries are trading higher, currently yielding 0.66%, and similarly, German bunds are now trading at a yield of minus 0.52%. However, UK gilts sold off a little this week as the Bank of England poured water on rising expectations of negative interest rates anytime soon. 10-year Gilts are currently trading at 0.19%

    Gold sold off 5.0%, with gold mining equities falling by over 7% over the week, not helped by the US dollar strengthening. Copper fell 3.9%, whilst Brent and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) crude oil fell 3.0% and 2.3% respectively.

    Several countries across Europe have tightened rules on social interaction in response to a rise in the number of coronavirus cases. However, to date, none have opted for a full national lockdown, although none have ruled it out either. The UK’s Chancellor, Rishi Sunak, announced plans to replace the employment furlough scheme, which finishes at the end of October, with a German-style subsidy plan, with the Treasury subsidising employees who worked at least one-third of their usual hours. Despite this, unemployment is expected to pick up sharply, with Goldman Sachs forecasting as many as 2.2 million people in the UK likely to be added to the officially unemployed in the coming months.

    Economic data has been mixed with US house sales continuing to be a bright spot, whilst initial jobless claims have risen versus recent weeks. In Europe, whilst leading indicators as to manufacturing activity have remained robust, pointing to continued expansion, the service sector slipped back into contraction. The Market Eurozone Services PMI (purchasing managers index), a leading indicator as to new orders and hiring intentions, slipped to 47.6 this week, with 50 marking the dividing line between contraction and expansion.

    A further slide in markets was averted on Thursday, on news that Nancy Pelosi, Democratic speaker of the House of Representatives in the US, was ready once more to try and renegotiate a new coronavirus relief plan.

    Market Update 18/09/2020

    U.S. stocks closed at a six-week low, driven by weakness in technology stocks, which exert an outsized influence on major indexes because of their size. Even though more than 70% of the S&P 500 stocks were higher, the index closed lower for the third week in a row. On the flip side, cyclical, small-cap and international stocks, and oil, all rebounded, finishing positive for the week. The Federal Reserve signalled that it will keep rates near zero through at least 2023 to help the economy weather the health and economic crisis.

    Economic data showed that the economic recovery is progressing, but the pace of improvement is slowing.However, Chinese equities rose, and the renminbi had its best week since November 2019 as retail sales rose by 0.5% in August versus one year earlier, providing some evidence that perhaps the world’s second-largest economy is starting to experience a sustainable economic recovery.

    US stocks rose 0.5%, matched by US technology stocks, recovering some of their losses suffered in the preceding week. European equities increased by 1.0% despite the escalation in Covid19 cases, as investors continued to take the view that any future lockdowns would be implemented locally rather than nationally. UK equities rose 0.4%, with the country suffering a similar increase in the Covid19 infection rate, as the government implemented a lockdown of the northeast of England. Japanese equities rose 0.6%, as Yoshihide Suga was formerly announced as the new Prime Minister following the early resignation of Shinzo Abe due to ill health. Australian equities increased by 0.1%, whilst Asia Pacific excluding Japan as a whole increased by 1.1%. Within this, Chinese domestic shares were up by 2.4%, as the Chinese Renminbi strengthened versus the US dollar by 1.1%.

    The 10-year yield on US Treasuries rose a little (yields move inversely to price), now trading at 0.68% as the Fed maintained its QE purchases at $120 billion per month, split between Treasuries, $80 billion, and mortgage-backed securities, $40 billion. The Fed’s forecast for the contraction in US demand was significantly reduced this week, with the Fed now forecasting a contraction of 3.7% versus their forecast of a 6.5% loss in June. Whilst German bunds strengthened further, now yielding minus 0.50%. UK gilts also rose, now yielding 0.17%, as the Bank of England announced that it was exploring how it would implement negative interest rates should they be required. Market commentators suggested that negative interest rates may be considered by the Bank of England in the event of a hard Brexit.

    Crude oil bounced back having sold off last week, with Brent crude climbing almost 9%, now trading at $43.4 a barrel and US WTI (West Texas Intermediate) rose by almost 10%, now trading at $41.0. Copper made further steady progress, rising by over 2%, having risen by 46% since its nadir in March. Copper is considered as a good bell weather to overall global economic growth. Gold was broadly steady, rising by 0.8%, trading at $1,962 a troy ounce.

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